The term "ovarian polycistosis" or PCOS refers to multiple cysts growing in one or both ovaries; many women with ovarian policistosis experience the classic symptoms of PCOS, but cysts don't necessarily have to be present for this diagnosis.
Symptoms Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
A woman with two of the following characteristics may be affected by PCOS:
- Chronic ovulation absence (the process that releases a mature egg from the ovarious) leading to menstrual irregularities.
- A high level of androgens (a type of hormone) cannot be associated with other causes or conditions.
- Cistus in one or both ovaries (as detected by ultrasound)
Problems with menstruation and ovulation are common in PCOS and most affected women manifest:
- No Menstruation amenorrhea)
- Altering of menstruation rhythms (oligomenorrea)
- Painful menstrual cycles
- Seede of blood but no ovulation (anovulating cycles)
Recent research shows that women with polycystic ovary syndrome are more prone to other dysfunctions, which are not considered symptoms. The presence of these other pathologies can affect the chosen medical treatments. Let's remember for example:
Remedies Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
In cases of weight excess it is widely recognised that weight loss leads to a marked improvement in PCOS and all related manifestations: irsutism and androgenism, insulin resistance, infertility, amenorrelle or oligomenorrrea. Therefore, if PCOS is related to an excess of body weight, weight loss is sufficient to improve the clinical picture of the patient and significantly increase the chances of conception.
The best dietary strategy, for both overweight and normal-weight women, is that of a low glycemic load diet that also improves insulin resistance which is one of the main causes of amenorrrea or oligomenorrrea. In addition to nutrition, insulin resistance can also be addressed thanks to the physical activity.
Examples of foods with low glycemic index and advice:
- Cereals in grains (such as barley, spelt, rye, oats), minor cereals (buckwheat, millet, amaranth, quinoa), very, legumes, whole fruit.
- The under-cooked pasta determines a better glycemic response than the very cooked one
- Fruit generally has a low glycemic index especially when consumed with peel (as long as it is not treated) and not centrifuged or smoothie: this also affects the speed at which sugars pass through the blood. In addition, the quantities should not be excessive for the concentration of simple sugars.
- I always combine the first courses with fiber and/or fat and/or protein, as these three components lower the glycemic load
- Prefer rye bread because it results in a better response than just white or wholemeal bread
- Desserts are to be limited especially if you are overweight
- Milk, yogurt and cheese have a low glycemic index (because they contain low sugars) but regardless of their sugar content they still result in a strong stimulation of insulin secretion so they should be consumed in moderation
- A last piece of advice is to make a very abundant breakfast (which is well balanced in the intake of the different macronutrients) and instead limit the kcal consumed to dinner (a small portion of protein accompanied by a portion of vegetables and extra virgin olive oil). Recent studies have shown that this type of strategy, which is constantly applied, leads to an improvement in the clinical and symptomaological picture. Obviously it is a strategy to be carried out in the long term and not for a short time (otherwise the symptoms and annoyances reappear). Obviously the flamboyant are granted as on weekends or occasional events/holidays but, most of the time, it has to be a controlled diet.
Dott.ssa Patalano Myriam Biologist Nutritionist
Ischia Nutrizione Patalano